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Puan: 1768.5

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Gönderilme Tarihi: 20 Ekim 2009 22:40:07


1. Winter, the most unpredictable of all seasons in lstanbul, sometimes ---- as early as October and ---- until April.
A) began / has lasted
B) will begin / is lasting
C) began / will have lasted
D) begins / was lasting
E) begins / lasts
2. People ---- down all the world's rain forests before the authorities ---- any action.
A) have cut / took
B) will have cut / take
C) will be cutting / will take
D) are cutting / have taken
E) had cut / are taking
3. In 1865 the northern states of the United States ---- the southern states, which ---- to break away and form a separate nation.
A) were defeating / have attempted
B) defeated / had attempted
C) defeat / were attempting
D) have defeated / attempted
E) had defeated / have been attempting
4. Although a number of nuclear power plants ---- safely for years, public concern about the potential dangers of nuclear power ---- it from becoming a major electricity producer.
A) have been operating / has prevented
B) are operating / prevented
C) had operated / will prevent
D) operated / had been preventing
E) were operating / was preventing
5. No one ---- in climbing the world's highest mountain, Everest, before Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay ---- it in 1953.
A) was succeeding / have been doing
B) succeeded / were doing
C) has succeeded / have done
D) had succeeded / did
E) had been succeeding / had done
6. As late as the 1960s, only a few specialists ---- how to use computers, but now computer programming ---- one of the most popular professions in the world.
A) were going to know / becomes
B) had known / became
C) knew / has become
D) will have known / will become
E) have known / is becoming
7. Searchers ---- to be confident that they ---- the missing climbers before nightfall.
A) are appearing / find
B) appear / will have found
C) were appearing / are finding
D) will appear / had found
E) had appeared / have found
8. Some people think that robots, which ---- an important role in automobile manufacture already, ---- most of our physical work for us soon.
A) had played / are doing
B) played / have done
C) are playing / will be doing
D) were playing / will have done
E) had been playing / do
9. Even after colonialism ---- early in the second half of the 20th century, many former colonies ---- to use the language of their former rulers.
A) ended / continued
B) has ended / were continuing
C) had ended / have been continuing
D) was ending / had continued
E) has ended / have continued
10. l hope the pond ---- over by Christmas, so we can go skating when our cousins ---- to visit.
A) will be freezing / have come
B) is freezing / are coming
C) had frozen / were coming
D) has frozen / came
E) will have frozen / come

11. We ---- a new car, but we couldn't because we ---- how expensive they were.
A) were buying / won't realise
B) have bought / don't realise
C) had bought / haven't realised
D) were going to buy / hadn't realised
E) bought / won't have realised

12. Whey Cyprus ---- an independent republic in 1960, it ---- a British colony since 1892.
A) became / had been
B) was becoming / has been
C) has become / was
D) had become / was being
E) becomes / will have been

13. l'm sure you ---- hardly in your exams because you ---- hard enough lately.
A) are doing / hadn't studied
B) have done / won't study
C) will do / haven't been studying
D) do / won't have been studying
E) did / don't study
14. When the judge ---- to all of the arguments, he ---- to postpone the hearing until another time.
A) was listening / decides
B) listens / has decided
C) has listened / was deciding
D) had listened / decided
E) will listen / is deciding
15. We ---- at the traffic lights when the bus ---- into us from behind.
A) were waiting / crashed
B) had waited / has crashed
C) waited / was crashing
D) have waited / had been crashing
E) are waiting / will crash
16. Even Thomas Edison, the inventor of the gramophone, ---- what people ---- it for.
A) didn't know / were going to use
B) hadn't known / are using
C) wouldn't know / use
D) hadn't known / used
E) doesn't know / had been using
17. The United States ---- the world's only super–power since the Soviet Union ---- in the late 1980s.
A) is / has collapsed
B) was / was collapsing
C) has been / collapsed
D) will have been / would collapse
E) had been / collapses
18. Archeologists ---- under the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem, but political protests ---- the excavations.
A) have excavated / will block
B) were excavating / had been blocking
C) excavate / are blocking
D) had excavated / will have blocked
E) were going to excavate / blocked
19. The defendant ---- that he ---- the pub before the crime was committed.
A) was swearing / leaves
B) swore / had left
C) swears / will have left
D) was going to swear / is leaving
E) will be swearing / has left
20. It is final exam time, and the students ---- so hard that they ---- forward to the vacation.
A) have been working / are looking
B) will work / looked
C) are working / had been looking
D) work / have looked
E) have worked / were looking
21. Prices ---- steadily all year, so l hope that we ---- a pay rise soon.
A) rose / have got
B) are rising / got
C) have been rising / will get
D) had risen / get
E) were rising / had got
22. The first heavier than air flight ---- place in 1903, and aeronautics ---- ever since.
A) was taking / developed
B) took / has been developing
C) has taken / will develop
D) had taken / develops
E) takes / is developing

23. Since he ---- the Microsoft Corporation, Bill Gates ---- one of the richest men in the world.
A) was founding / is becoming
B) has founded / became
C) had founded / will become
D) founded / has become
E) is founding / becomes

24. When the reinforcements ----, it was too late; the enemy ---- their comrades already.
A) were arriving / annihilated
B) have arrived / was annihilating
C) arrive / annihilated
D) had arrived / annihilate
E) arrived / had annihilated

25. Because of the recent floods, a large number of people ---- their homes and it seems that they ---- the winter in tents.
A) are losing / have had to spend
B) lost / were spending
C) lose / have to spend
D) were losing / had spent
E) have lost / will have to spend

26. It was not until the early 20th century that Henry Ford ---- the automobile through mass production, though a Frenchman named Nicolas Joseph Cugnot ---- the world's first self–propelled vehicle as early as 1769.
A) was popularising / has invented
B) popularised / had invented
C) has popularised / was inventing
D) had popularised / was inventing
E) popularises / has invented
27. The steel mill in Youngstown ---- steel since 1804 when it ---- down in the 1980s.
A) had been making / closed
B) has been making / was closing
C) made / had closed
D) was going to make / closes
E) was making / has closed
28. On the assumption that the Chinese economy ---- to grow as at present, China ---- the United States as the world's greatest economic superpower by the mid 21st century.
A) continued / has overtaken
B) continues / was going to overtake
C) will continue / will have overtaken
D) is continuing / overtakes
E) has continued is overtaking
29. Ever since slavery ---- in 1863, African Americans ---- for their civil rights.
A) has been ending / were fighting
B) had ended / are fighting
C) ended / have been fighting
D) was ending / fought
E) has ended / will have fought

30. Though Susan ---- some of the best marks in her class last year, it appears that she ---- most of her courses this year.
A) has got / is failing
B) had been getting / fails
C) was getting / had failed
D) got / will fail
E) has been getting / has failed

31. George ---- to get Sally to marry him for years when finally, she ---- him by saying, "Yes".
A) had been trying / surprised
B) tried / was surprising
C) has tried / surprises
D) was trying / will be surprising
E) will be trying / has surprised

32. My friend ---- for an ice hockey team that only one match this season. lt's wonder that he is not very happy there with them.
A) was playing / is winning
B) has played / had won
C) has been playing / wins
D) played / will be winning
E) plays / has won
33. Ferdinand Magellan ---- out to sail around the world in 1519. Before then, no one ---- to do that.
A) was setting / has attempted
B) has set / was attempting
C) will have set / attempted
D) had set / will have attempted
E) set / had attempted
34. Though Magellan himself ---- along the way, one of his five ships ---- the voyage in 1522.
A) had died / has completed
B) died / completed
C) was dying / completes
D) dies / is completing
E) has died / was completing

35. In the year 2022, it ---- 500 years since that memorable voyage ----.
A) is / has ended
B) has been / was ending
C) will have been / ended
D) had been / ends
E) will be / is ending

36. George claims that he ---- a novel for five years, but l don't think that he ---- it ever.
A) wrote / is finishing
B) has written / had finished
C) writes / was finishing
D) has been writing / will finish
E) will have written / finishes

37. Trains ---- since early in the 19th century and they still ---- one of the best ways of transportation.
A) existed / will provide
B) are existing / will be providing
C) were existing / have provided
D) exist / are providing
E) have existed / provide

38. My father ---- forward to retiring for years, but once he was a retired person, he ---- bored quickly.
A) looks / has become
B) was looking / becomes
C) has been looking / is becoming
D) had looked / became
E) is looking / will become
39. Fred ---- with us any more because they ---- him to head of the London branch.
A) won't be working / have appointed
B) hasn't worked / appointed
C) didn't work / are appointing
D) won't have worked / appoint
E) doesn't work / were appointing
40. For the last two weeks, Sandra ---- about her exams so much that her hair ---- out because of stress.
A) worries / has fallen
B) has been worrying / is falling
C) was worrying / had fallen
D) is worrying / had been falling
E) worried / will have fallen

41. – 50. sorularda, yarım bırakılan cümleyi uygun şekilde tamamlayan ifadeyi bulunuz.
41. ----, our client will have decided to use one of our competitors, so let's hurry up and make a decision.
A) Until the manager gave us the latest sales figures.
B) During yesterday's meeting about our strategy for the coming year.
C) While we were trying to figure out where to hold the New Year's office party.
D) As soon as we had mapped out our strategy
E) At this rate, by the time we have come up with a plan
42. The union leaders achieved a breakthrough in the tricky negotiations with management ----.
A) until it appeared that the entire plan would fail
B) when they decide to drop their unreasonable wage demands
C) since the last pay rise the employers agreed to give to the workers
D) whenever they devise a plan that their members will accept
E) just when it seemed that there was no hope
43. My neighbour is having great difficulty with her financial affairs, ----.
A) since her husband died last year
B) until her son promised to sort them out
C) so I’ve arranged to help her this evening
D) when her business was struggling last month
E) as soon as she sold two of her flats in the city centre
44. Write your names on top of your paper ----.
A) when you had practised tenses and conjunctions for weeks
B) before you start answering the questions
C) by the time you are able to write good, clear sentences
D) while the teacher was checking the attendancy sheet
E) until the bell rang and the teacher asked the papers back
45. Mike graduated from university just two years ago, but since then, ----.
A) he has earned enough on the stock market to be able to retire
B) he is living in a luxurious flat in one of the most expensive parts of town
C) he worked for one of the most successful stockbrokers in the city
D) he will probably have quite a successful career
E) he had travelled all around the world and learned three languages
46. She only remembered that she was on a diet ----.
A) so she is starting to worry about her appearance
B) when she eats too much and feels bad about it afterwards
C) after she had eaten two helpings of dessert
D) she won't eat as much for dinner as she did for lunch
E) ever since she became one of the top models of the country
47. ---- when their first child was born.
A) They don't think they will have moved into their new house
B) They have been taking too long to decide where to move
C) They have worked and saved for this moment
D) They had just moved into their new house
E) They have decided that she should look after the baby herself

48. Alice has not trusted men ----.
A) because she will probably never get married
B) ever since her husband ran off with the money she inherited from her father
C) by the time she is old enough to consider marriage
D) when she rejected Fred's proposal several times
E) until the man of her dreams comes along and sweeps her off of her feet
49. lt's easy to see he's been crying for a long time, ----.
A) as he has just learned that he has failed his driving test
B) until his mother tried to soothe him by cuddling him tightly
C) as soon as he entered the living room with his broken toy car
D) because his eyes are very red and he can't stop sniffing
E) by the time his parents realise that he is not in his room
50. By the time the farmers managed to purchase the new insecticide, ----.
A) it proved more effective than anything they had used before
B) they will probably have lost over half of their potential harvest to insects
C) insects had severely damaged most of their crops
D) it has been in short supply because of the great demand for it
E) they have never seen such an increase in their yield

51. – 60. sorularda, cümleyi uygun şekilde tamamlayan sözcüğü bulunuz.
51. No one has seen Fred ---- he decided rather foolishly to go sailing in the hurricane.
A) when
B) before
C) since
D) by the time
E) just as
52. The athlete raised his hand in a victory salute ---- he crossed the finish line.
A) until
B) during
C) by the time
D) since
E) as

53. You got a "0" on your homework because you weren't listening ---- the teacher was explaining what to do.
A) while
B) as soon as
C) until
D) after
E) before
54. The traffic was so bad this morning that ---- l got to work, it was already coffee break.
A) until
B) during
C) while
D) by the time
E) since
55. He was found guilty on all charges, and it will be at least 20 years ---- he is a free man again.
A) since
B) while
C) as soon as
D) before
E) after
56. Slavery has only been illegal in Saudi Arabia ---- 1963.
A) in
B) before
C) for
D) during
E) since
57. l'm not going to speak to Veronica again ---- she apologises for the dreadful things she said about my husband.
A) just as
B) when
C) until
D) by the time
E) while

58. The telephone rang much to our annoyance ---- we were about to eat our dinner.
A) just as
B) since
C) after
D) as soon as
E) by the time

59. ---- the United Nations decided to act, it was too late to stop a huge civilian refugee problem in Kosova.
A) Since
B) Until
C) During
D) While
E) By the time
60. The defendant persistently maintained his innocence ---- the trial that continued for months.
A) while
B) during
C) as soon as
D) by the time
E) just as

61. – 70. sorularda, verilen cümleye anlamca en yakın olan seçeneği bulu¬nuz.
61. Julia has been painting a portrait of her mother for the last three weeks.
A) About three weeks ago, Julia painted a portrait of her mother.
B) Julia started painting her mother's portrait three weeks ago and hasn't finished yet.
C) The portrait Julia painted of her mother took three weeks to finish.
D) At the moment, Julia is painting her mother's portrait, which will probably take her three weeks to finish.
E) In three weeks time, Julia will have finished the portrait she is painting of her mother.

62. Though she is an intelligent and talented woman, her four marriages have all failed.
A) It is surprising that anyone with her talent and intelligence should have difficulty sustaining a marriage.
B) She believes that intelligence and talent do not necessarily lead to happiness in married life.
C) Perhaps she is too intellectual for men, because she does not seem able to remain married.
D) None of her four attempts at marriage has been successful in spite of her intellect and abilities.
E) Naturally, her talent and intelligence have led to the failure of her four marriages.
63. The president was working continuously throughout his illness.
A) The president was so ill that he couldn't conduct affairs efficiently.
B) The resident was able to handle most of his normal workload during his recent illness
C) While he was ill, the president never stopped working.
D) His continuous illnesses mean that he is no longer fit enough to be president.
E) We should not expect a president who is so ill to continue working.
64. The baby woke up again before l was half–way through cleaning and tidying the house.
A) l could do twice as much housework before l had the baby.
B) l usually do only half of my housework while the baby is asleep.
C) By the time the baby woke up, l had hardly finished the housework.
D) l couldn't finish my housework because the baby kept waking up.
E) My housework wasn't half done when the baby woke up again.

65. We last saw John just when he'd decided on a radical change in his life.
A) When we met John again, we noticed that he had changed his life radically.
B) When we met John last month, he had just reached a major decision.
C) John was considering the possibility of doing something different when we last saw him.
D) We haven't seen John since the very moment that he expressed his decision to change his life completely.
E) In order to make such a radical decision about his life, John wanted to talk to us one last time.

66. We had never lived abroad until we went to Africa for three years in the early 1990s.
A) When we went to Africa in the early 1990s for a period of three years, it was our first stay overseas.
B) We have plenty of experience of living abroad, because we stayed in Africa for three years in the early 1990s.
C) We were going to live in Africa for three years in the early 1990s, but we decided not to because we hadn't done anything like that before.
D) Three years after our first visit to Africa in the early 1990s, we wanted to go there again.
E) We haven't been on an overseas trip since the early 1990s, when we stayed in Africa for three years.

67. As soon as l mentioned the price of the vase, the lady's face took on a disappointed expression.
A) The lady looked quite happy until she knew how much l had charged her for the vase.
B) The disappointment showed on the lady's face the moment l told her the cost of the vase.
C) It was obvious from the expression on the lady's face that she didn't want the vase because it was expensive.
D) l think the lady was disappointed because the vase was too expensive for her to buy.
E) From the expression on her face, l could see the lady was angry because the vase was overpriced.

68. Once she had made her decision to quit her job, no one even tried to convince her to change her mind.
A) She decided to quit her job once, but her friends convinced her to change her mind.
B) There was no reason for anyone to try to convince her to change her mind after she made a decision.
C) There was not a single person who made the effort to persuade her not to quit her job after she had decided.
D) When she mentioned quitting her job, there was no one who said that it was a good decision.
E) No one saw any point in trying to persuade her to stay with her job because she has never once changed her mind

69. He had studied English for years, but it was only when he arrived in London that he discovered how little he really knew.
A) By the time he arrived in London, he had forgotten most of the English that he had studied over the years.
B) He was glad that he had studied English before he went to London because every little bit he knew was useful to him.
C) He had been studying English for years, but he knew that it was still not enough for him to go to London for education.
D) Before he arrived in London, he had thought that he had learned more English than he actually had.
E) During the years he studied the English language, he was aware that if he knew too little, he wouldn't be able to study in London.

70. She was surprised that, although her father had never smoked or eaten fatty foods, he had a heart attack.
A) To her amazement, her father didn't have heart attack even though he was a heavy smoker and ate an unhealthy diet.
B) She could not believe it when her father gave up smoking and eating fatty foods after his heart attack.
C) Because of her father's healthy diet, she feels certain that he'll never have a heart attack.
D) She was glad that, after his heart attack, her father never smoked or ate fatty foods for the rest of his life.
E) She didn't expect her father to have a heart attack because he had kept away from cigarettes and fatty foods all his life.

71. – 75. sorularda, verilen Türkçe cümlenin İngilizce dengini bulunuz.

71. Bilimadamları, bir tümörü, normal hücre¬lere zarar vermeden sadece kanserli hücreleri öldürecek bir dereceye kadar ısıtma konusunda cesaret verici sonuç¬lar almışlardır.
A) Scientists have had encouraging results in heating a tumour to a temperature high enough to kill cancerous cells without harming normal cells.
B) Experiments by scientists, in which they heat a tumour to a temperature high enough to kill cancerous cells without harming normal cells, have been quite successful.
C) Cancer sufferers are encouraged by scientists' success of heating a tumour to a temperature high enough to kill cancerous cells without harming normal cells.
D) lt's really encouraging that scientists have had some success in heating tumours high enough to kill harmful cells while not destroying healthy cells.
E) Although the technique is not yet fully developed, scientists have had encouraging success with killing cancerous tumours by heating them to high temperatures.

72. Çocukluğumdan beri burada yaşadığı için babam kasabada oturanların hemen hepsini ismiyle tanır.
A) My father knows the names of most of the residents of the town where he lived when he was a child.
B) My father has lived here since his childhood, so most of the inhabitants of the town know him by name.
C) As my father has lived here since he was a child, he knows almost all the inhabitants of the town by name.
D) Because my father spent his childhood in this town, he knows the names of almost all the residents.
E) Although my father only lived in this town when he was a child he still knows most of the residents by name.

73. 1998'de, Hindistan hükümeti nükleer silah denemesi yapmaya karar verince en büyük tepki, Hindistan'ın ezeli rakibi Pakistan'dan geldi.
A) Pakistan sharply criticised India for conducting nuclear weapons testing in 1998, which is not surprising as they are historic rivals.
B) The sharpest criticism came from Pakistan, India’s historic rival, when in 1998, the Indian government decided to conduct nuclear weapons testing.
C) In 1998, the Indian government decided to conduct nuclear weapons testing, for which it was heavily criticised by its historic rival Pakistan.
D) Following their nuclear weapons testing in 1998, the Indian government was criticised by one of its greatest rivals, Pakistan.
E) No country criticised India as much as its historic rival Pakistan over its decision to conduct nuclear weapons testing in 1998.
74. Okul müdürü açılış konuşmasını yapar¬ken bütün öğrenciler ve veliler sessiz¬lik içinde onu dinledi.
A) While the headmaster made his opening speech, the students, as well as their parents, tried to keep quiet.
B) The students and parents remained silent as the headmaster made his opening speech.
C) The headmaster made his opening speech to the students and parents, who listened intently.
D) The school opened with a speech from the headmaster, which was listened to in silence by all the students and their parents.
E) As the headmaster made his opening speech, the students and the parents all listened to him in silence.
75. Bu dönem o kadar çok çalışıyorsun ki sınıf birincisi olman kesin gibi görünü¬yor.
A) l'm sure you will finish top in the class because of your intense studying this term.
B) You're studying very hard this term, so l'm sure that you'll become top of the class.
C) l wouldn't be surprised if you became top in the class as you've been studying really hard this term.
D) You seem to be studying extremely hard this term in order to become top of the class.
E) You've been studying so hard this term that it seems certain that you'll become top in the class.

76. – 80. sorularda, verilen İngilizce cümlenin Türkçe dengini bulunuz.
76. A harsh climate and rugged terrain have made the Norwegians look to the sea for their livelihood.
A) İklimin sert, arazinin engebeli olduğu Norveç'te insanlar geçimlerini sağlamak için denize muhtaçtırlar.
B) Norveçliler, sert iklim ve engebeli arazi ne¬deniyle geçimlerini büyük ölçüde denizden sağlamak zorundadırlar.
C) Norveçlileri, geçimlerini sağlamak için de¬nize yönelten sert iklim ve engebeli arazidir.
D) Sert iklim ve engebeli arazi Norveçlileri ge¬çimlerini sağlamak için denize yöneltmiştir.
E) İklimin sert, arazinin engebeli olması nede¬niyle Norveçliler, geçimlerini denizden sağ¬lamaktadırlar.

77. Ancient Egyptians associated the river Nile with the worship of gods and the prosperity of the land.
A) Eski Mısırlılar Nil nehrini, tanrılara tapınma ve toprağın verimliliğiyle bütünleştirmişlerdir.
B) Eski Mısırlılar, tanrılarına tapınmak için top¬rağı verimli kılan Nil nehrine giderlerdi.
C) Eski Mısırlılar, toprağı verimli kıldığı için tanrı gibi gördükleri Nil nehrine taparlardı.
D) Eski Mısırlılar, toprağın verimliliğini Nil neh¬rine değil, tapındıkları tanrılara bağlıyorlardı.
E) Tanrılara tapınma ve toprağın verimliliği ile bütünleştirilen Nil nehri eski Mısırlılarca kut¬sallaştırılmıştır.

78. We were going to have a picnic at the weekend, but this unexpected rain has spoilt all our plans.
A) Hafta sonu yapmayı planladığımız piknik bu beklenmedik yağmur yüzünden bozuldu.
B) Hafta sonu piknige gidecektik ama bu bek¬lenmedik yağmur bütün planlarımızı bozdu.
C) Yağmurun yağacağını hiç beklemediğimiz için hafta sonu pikniğe gitmeyi planlıyorduk.
D) Bu beklenmedik yağmur planlarımızı bozma¬saydı hafta sonu pikniğe gidecektik.
E) Hafta sonu için planladığımız pikniğe gide¬medik çünkü hiç beklenmedik bir biçimde yağmur yağdı.

79. Months after the graduation, he had still not found a job and begun to feel discouraged.
A) Cesareti kırılmaya başlamıştı; çünkü mezun olduktan aylar sonra hala bir iş bulamamıştı.
B) Mezuniyetten aylar sonra, tam bütün diren¬cini kaybetmek üzereyken, bir iş buldu.
C) Mezuniyetin ardından aylar geçtiği halde hala bir iş bulamayınca cesareti kırıldı.
D) Mezuniyetten aylar sonra hala bir iş bula¬mamıştı ve cesareti kırılmaya başlamıştı.
E) Mezun olduktan sonra aylarca iş aramış bu¬lamayına tüm direncini kaybetmişti.

80. l have come across many unusual people during my travels abroad.
A) Sıradışı insanlarla pek çok yurtdışı seyahat¬lerine katıldım.
B) Ne zaman yurtdışına seyahat etsem, sıradışı pek çok insanla karşılaşırdım.
C) Yurdışı seyahatlerim sırasında pek çok sı¬radışı insanla karşılaştım.
D) Sıradışı insanlarla karşılaşmak için sık sık yurtdışına seyahat ederdim.
E) Çoğunlukla pek çok sıradışı insana yurtdışı seyahatlerimde rastlamışımdır.

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29 Temmuz 2014 Salı 15:04:55